What is Cystic Acne And How is it Treated?

What is Cystic Acne And How is it Treated?

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Cystic acne is a severe form of acne that can be both physically and emotionally painful. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into what cystic acne is, its causes, and the various treatment options available. Acne Treatment in Dubai can affect individuals of all ages, and understanding how to manage cystic acne is crucial for those dealing with this skin condition.

Understanding Cystic Acne:

What is Cystic Acne?

It is a type of acne vulgaris characterized by the formation of deep, painful cysts beneath the skin’s surface. These cysts are often filled with pus and can lead to scarring if not treated promptly. Unlike regular pimples, cystic acne is known for its larger size and tenderness.

What Causes Cystic Acne?

This is primarily caused by the overproduction of sebum, an oily substance that clogs hair follicles. When the follicles become blocked, they can become inflamed and infected, leading to the development of cysts. Hormonal imbalances, genetics, and certain medications can contribute to the development of this treatment.

The Physical and Emotional Impact:

Physical Pain and Discomfort:

Cystic acne is not just a cosmetic concern; it can also be physically painful. The cysts often swell and become red, making it uncomfortable to touch or even move the affected area. The pressure within these cysts can cause additional discomfort.

Emotional Toll:

The emotional toll of Treatment can be significant. The visible nature of the cysts can lead to embarrassment and self-esteem issues.

Treatment Options:

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Treatments:

1. Benzoyl Peroxide:

Benzoyl peroxide is an effective OTC treatment for mild to moderate cystic acne. It works by reducing inflammation and killing acne-causing bacteria.

2. Salicylic Acid:

Salicylic acid helps unclog pores and prevent further breakouts. It is often found in acne cleansers and spot treatments.

Prescription Medications:

1. Oral Antibiotics:

Dermatologists may prescribe oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation and bacteria associated with  acne.

2. Retinoids:

Retinoids, such as isotretinoin, are powerful medications that can effectively treat severe cystic acne. They work by reducing sebum production and preventing clogged pores.

Other Treatment Modalities:

1. Corticosteroid Injections:

Dermatologists can administer corticosteroid injections directly into cysts to reduce inflammation and pain quickly.

2. Light and Laser Therapy:

Light and laser therapies target the bacteria responsible for acne and reduce inflammation.

Lifestyle Changes:

1. Diet:

A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce acne breakouts. Avoiding dairy and high-glycemic foods may also be beneficial.

2. Skincare Routine:

Establishing a proper skincare routine with gentle cleansers and non-comedogenic products can prevent acne flare-ups.


It can be a challenging condition to manage, but with the right treatment approach, it is possible to achieve clearer, healthier skin. If you or someone you know is struggling with acne, consult a dermatologist to explore the best treatment options tailored to your specific needs.

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